Why China Fears Christianity

By Cal Wong for the Diplomat

Over the course of the last two and half years, the Chinese government has shown signs of increasing nervousness and wariness of the growth of Christianity. In its latest grasp for control, the government has taken Christian churches in Zhejiang province to task, by removing the crosses that adorn some 1,700 churches. Citing breach of building codes, the government sent in police SWAT teams to remove the crucifixes from spires.

Officially, the Chinese Communist Party is atheist. Early last month, Xi Jinping made a speech on religious policy stating, “We must resolutely guard against overseas infiltrations via religious means and prevent ideological infringement by extremists.” Xi demanded that all religious groups submit to the ruling party and that religions must become Chinese.

This stance is in line with the CCP’s long-held objective of controlling belief systems. Though official government figures puts the number at around 23 million Christians in 2010, a Pew Research Center report estimates that there were, in fact, close to 68 million Christians in China — an astonishing number considering the growth of Christianity has largely been by way of faith conversion. As the country has become richer, it has also become more educated, with increasing numbers of students returning from overseas study, bringing home their new found faiths.

Sixty-eight million followers equates to approximately 5 percent of the Chinese population, which makes Christianity an increasingly influential proportion of society – and a source of consternation for China.

In his 2015 article in The Guardian, religions reporter Andrew Brown made the observation that, much like King Henry VIII, who sought to gain control of Catholicism in England, the Chinese government seeks to control Christianity in China. Unlike the fifteenth century English king however, Christianity is now no longer a centralized belief system under one universal pontiff (or even two). Rather, Protestantism, the overwhelmingly dominant force in Chinese Christianity, is a scattered myriad of independent, nodal leaders. “The decentralized structure of this form of Christianity helps it to grow and spread, but also makes it much harder for governments to cut lasting deals with it,” Brown wrote.

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